You Credit Score- How's Your FICO?
Since our world is so computer-driven, it should come as no surprise that your creditworthiness comes down to a single number.
Credit reporting agencies use your payment history to compile a FICO score.
Each of the three credit agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, each agency uses the following to calculate your score:
- Your Credit History - Have you had credit for many years, or for just a short time?
- Late Payments - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Credit Card Balances - How many credit card accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of giving you a loan?
Each of these factors is assigned a value and a weight. Each formula produces a single number which varies slightly from one agency to another. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher scores are better. Most home buyers likely find their credit scores falling above 620.
Credit scores make a big difference in interest rates
Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your credit score
Is it possible to raise your FICO score? Because the credit score is entirely based on a lifetime of credit history, it's very difficult to change it quickly. (Of course you must have incorrect items removed from your credit report.)
How do I find out my FICO score?
In order to raise your FICO score, you must get the reports that the agencies use to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac, the company that invented the original FICO score, sells FICO scores on myFICO.com. For a reasonable fee, you can quickly get your FICO score from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. They also provide information and online tools that help you improve your credit score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once per year from all three agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Armed with this info, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the most favorable mortgage.
Want to know more about credit scores? Give us a call: (415) 456-7802.